Agama (Sanskrit) [from a toward, near + the verbal root gam to come, go] Coming near, approaching. As a masculine noun, approach, appearance; studying, reading, acquisition of knowledge, science. In philosophy, traditional teaching handed down; likewise a collection of sacred doctrines such as the Brahmanas. Saivites (devotees of Siva) recognize 28 agamas as continuing the full doctrine; Saktas list 77 agamas or tantras; Vaishnavas (followers of Vishnu) regard the Pancharatra Agamas as their sacred books; and the Jain agamas as a whole constitute the Jain canon.
Dictionary source: Rakefet
English to English translation of Agama agama \ag"a*ma\ (&?;), n.; pl. agamas (&?;). [from the caribbean name of a species of lizard.] (zo?l.) a genus of lizards, one of the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of these lizards.