Agama (Sanskrit) [from a toward, near + the verbal root gam to come, go] Coming near, approaching. As a masculine noun, approach, appearance; studying, reading, acquisition of knowledge, science. In philosophy, traditional teaching handed down; likewise a collection of sacred doctrines such as the Brahmanas. Saivites (devotees of Siva) recognize 28 agamas as continuing the full doctrine; Saktas list 77 agamas or tantras; Vaishnavas (followers of Vishnu) regard the Pancharatra Agamas as their sacred books; and the Jain agamas as a whole constitute the Jain canon.
Dictionary source: Rakefet
English to English translation of Agama agama \ag"a*ma\ (&?;), n.; pl. agamas (&?;). [from the caribbean name of a species of lizard.] (zo?l.) a genus of lizards, one of the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of these lizards.
General info: Agamas can grow to a length up to 15" and come in a variety of colors and are becoming very popular pets. Some agamas have been known to accept small amounts of vegetation as part of their regular diet. Temperature/Humidity: Ideal daytime temperature for agamas should range between 75º and 85º. Additionally, a basking lamp should be used on one end of the enclosure to maintain a local temperature of 115º - 125º. Nighttime temperature should remain between 60º and 75º. The humidity for agamas should be kept at or near 50%. Lighting: All agamas require 8-10 hours of ultraviolet lighting to maintain good health. The use of a timer will assist in maintaining an accurate schedule of light periods. Feeding/Watering: Agamas do well on a diet consisting of a variety of vitamin/calcium dusted insects such as crickets, mealworms and waxworms. Vegetables can be offered once a week as an optional moisture-filled supplement. Misting the enclosure regularly should allow for enough water intake. Adult agamas should be fed 3-4 times per week, some juveniles can be fed twice daily during their growing period. Habitat/Housing: Successful permanent maintenance requires a 30-50 gallon aquarium. A screen lid is essential for proper air exchange. The enclosure must include a high basking area, hiding space (preferably made of rocks), and a "cool" area to allow for thermoregulation. Habitat design should mimic their natural desert habitat. Unless breeding is desired, agamas are best kept singularly. Substrate (Bedding): Repti-Sand or Repti-Bark is an ideal substrate for agama terrariums. Responsible pet ownership begins on the trip home! For the best health and well being of your new pet, it is important to remember to take it directly home. If you have more shopping or errands to complete, consider picking up your pet last. This will ensure the animal encounters the least amount of stress possible. Have the new terrarium completely set up before bringing your new friend "home". Additionally, make sure your new family member is allowed enough time to adjust to its new home. Wait three or four days before attempting to handle your pet and always supervise children when they interact with pets.