Liao (Zhou dynasty state) (蓼), two states in ancient China during the Spring and Autumn period in the 8th and 7th centuries BC
King Liao of Wu (僚) (died 515 BC), king of Wu in ancient China's Spring and Autumn period
Liao dynasty (遼) (915–1125), Khitan empire in northern China and Mongolia
Northern Liao (1122–1123), a Khitan regime briefly existed near the end of the Liao dynasty
Qara Khitai (1124–1218), Khitan empire in Central Asia and successor to the Liao dynasty, sometimes called Western Liao
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Liaoning is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country. The modern province was established in 1907 as Fengtian or Fengtien province and the name was changed to Liaoning in 1929. It was also known as Mukden province at the time, for the Manchu pronunciation of Shengjing, the former name of the provincial capital Shenyang. Under the Japanese-puppet Manchukuo regime, the province reverted to its 1907 name but the name Liaoning was restored in 1945 and again in 1954.