Rig-VedaRg-Veda (Sanskrit) [from rich verse, hymn of praise + veda knowledge] The first and most important of the four Vedas; so named because it is the Veda composed of 1,028 suktas or hymns of praise addressed to the various entities and powers of nature. To this Veda also belong various subordinate commentaries and treatises of different classes: the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads. "Thus, the Rig-Veda, the oldest of all the known ancient records, may be shown to corroborate the occult teachings in almost every respect. Its hymns -- the records written by the earliest Initiates of the Fifth (our race) concerning the primordial teachings -- speak of the Seven Races (two still to come) allegorising them by the 'seven streams' (I, 35, 8); and of the Five Races ('panca krishtayah' [pancha-krishtayah]) which have already inhabited this world (ibid) on the five regions 'panca pradicah' [pancha-pradisah] (IX, 86, 29), as also of the three continents that were" (SD 2:606).
The Rigveda (Sanskrit: , from "praise, shine" and "knowledge") is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four canonical sacred texts (sruti) of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The text is a collection of 1,028 hymns and 10,600 verses, organized into ten books (Mandalas).