taj mahal \taj ma*hal"\ (t?j m&adot;*h?l"). [corruption of per. mumtāz-i-ma&hsdot;al, lit., the distinguished one of the palace, fr. ar.] a marble mausoleum built at agra, india, by the mogul emperor shah jahan, in memory of his favorite wife. in beauty of design and rich decorative detail it is one of the best examples of saracenic architecture. taj mahal n : beautiful mausoleum at agra built by the mogul emperor shah jahan (completed in 1649) in memory of his favorite wife [syn: taj mahal]
The Taj Mahal (, more often ; Persian for "Crown of Palaces", ) is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–1658), to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is the centrepiece of a 42-acre complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall.