James, männlicher Vorname; Johannes, einer der 12 Jünger Jesus; Henry James (1811-1892) amerikanischer Schriftsteller; William James (1842-1910), amerikanischer Psychologe; Name mehrerer schottischer Könige
(1785-1859) British Congregational pastored one church for 50 years. Wrote The Christian Father's Present to His Children. (1842-1910) professor at Harvard; pragmatist. Wrote 1. Pragmatism, 2. A Pluralistic Universe, 3. Essays in Radical Empiricism, 4. The Will to Believe and Other Essays, 5. The Meaning of Truth, 6. Selected Papers in Philosophy, and 7. The Varieties of Religious Experience. Regarding his theory of knowledge: Like the later existentialists, James held that the philosopher's realm is the "world of concrete personal experiences," where the pragmatic method applies, rather than the world of abstract ideas (where speculation is encouraged). "The pragmatic method is a method of settling metaphysical disputes that otherwise might be interminable." "There can be no difference in abstract truth that doesn't express itself in a difference in concrete fact." Metaphysical disputes are settled by considering the practical (i.e., observable) difference which it would make to the individual if one or the other alternative were true. "The true is the name of whatever proves itself to be good in the way of belief." "Truth happens to an idea; it becomes true, is made true by events." Regarding his theory of reality: Reality consists in many "reals" as experienced in a loosely related ("strung along") rather than rigidly structured ("blocked out") universe; it is a "pluriverse." These reals include a "real God" and relate to each other externally as a part of the "process of becoming." Reality (including God) is "unfinished," "in the making." Consciousness is not an entity but a function in experience. "That function is knowing."
2. american pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842-1910) [syn: james, william james]
3. writer who was born in the united states but lived in england (1843-1916) [syn: james, henry james]
4. (new testament) disciple of jesus; brother of john; author of the epistle of james in the new testament [syn: james, saint james, st james, saint james the apostle, st james the apostle ]
5. a river in virginia that flows east into chesapeake bay at hampton roads [syn: james, james river]
6. a river that rises in north dakota and flows southward across south dakota to the missouri [syn: james, james river ]
james 1. the son of zebedee and salome; an elder brother of john the apostle. he was one of the twelve. he was by trade a fisherman, in partnership with peter (matt. 20:20; 27:56). with john and peter he was present at the transfiguration (matt. 17:1; mark 9:2), at the raising of jairus's daughter (mark 5:37-43), and in the garden with our lord (14:33). because, probably, of their boldness and energy, he and john were called boanerges, i.e., "sons of thunder." he was the first martyr among the apostles, having been beheaded by king herod agrippa (acts 12:1, 2), a.d. 44. (comp. matt. 4:21; 20:20-23). 2. the son of alphaeus, or cleopas, "the brother" or near kinsman or cousin of our lord (gal. 1:18, 19), called james "the less," or "the little," probably because he was of low stature. he is mentioned along with the other apostles (matt. 10:3; mark 3:18; luke 6:15). he had a separate interview with our lord after his resurrection (1 cor. 15:7), and is mentioned as one of the apostles of the circumcision (acts 1:13). he appears to have occupied the position of head of the church at jerusalem, where he presided at the council held to consider the case of the gentiles (acts 12:17; 15:13-29: 21:18-24). this james was the author of the epistle which bears his name. james same as jacob
james ussher sidney james webb john james osborne james watt james wilson james langston hughes james thurber james wyatt sir james clark ross king james bible william james durant william james duncan james corrow grant king james version james dewey watson james joseph tunney james grover thurber robert james fischer court of st james james cook james crichton james ives james francis thorpe james harvey robinson james usher james bond james clark ross
Dictionary source: hEnglish - advanced version
English to English translation of james
(the Greek form of Jacob, supplanter). → James the son of Zebedee, one of the twelve apostles. He was elder brother of the evangelist John. His mother's name was Salome. We first hear of him in A.D. 27, (Mark 1:20) when at the call of the Master he left all, and became, one and forever, his disciple, in the spring of 28. (Matthew 10:2; Mark 3:14; Luke 6:13; Acts 1:13) It would seem to have been at the time of the appointment of the twelve apostles that the name of Boanerges was given to the sons of Zebedee. The "sons of thunder" had a burning and impetuous spirit, which twice exhibits itself. (Mark 10:37; Luke 9:54) On the night before the crucifixion James was present at the agony in the garden. On the day of the ascension he is mentioned as persevering with the rest of the apostles and disciples, in prayer. (Acts 1:13) Shortly before the day of the Passover, in the year 44, he was put to death by Herod Agrippa I. (Acts 12:1,2) → James the son of Alpheus, one of the twelve apostles. (Matthew 10:3) Whether or not this James is to be identified with James the Less, the son of Alphaeus, the brother of our Lord, is one of the most difficult questions in the gospel history. By comparing (Matthew 27:56) and Mark 15:40 with John 19:25 We find that the Virgin Mary had a sister named, like herself, Mary, who was the wife of Clopas or Alpheus (varieties of the same name), and who had two sons, James the Less and Joses. By referring to (Matthew 13:55) and Mark 6:3 We find that a James the Less and Joses, with two other brethren called Jude and Simon, and at least three sisters, were sisters with the Virgin Mary at Nazareth by referring to (Luke 6:16) and Acts 1:13 We find that there were two brethren named James and Jude among the apostles. It would certainly be natural to think that we had here but one family of four brothers and three or more sisters, the children of Clopas and Mary, nephews and nieces of the Virgin Mary. There are difficulties however, in the way of this conclusion into which we cannot here enter; but in reply to the objection that the four brethren in (Matthew 13:55) are described as the brothers of Jesus, not as his cousins, it must be recollected that adelphoi, which is here translated "brethren," may also signify cousins.
Dictionary source: Concise English-Irish Dictionary v. 1.1
English to English translation of james
(b. 1842, New York, NY, d. 1910. M.D., Harvard University, 1871). James is bet know for The Principles of Psychology, which is an enormous two volume work that addresses the full spectrum of psychological phenomena discussed in James’ time, including brain function, habit, ‘the automaton-theory’, the stream of thought, the self, attention, association, the perception of time, memory, sensation, imagination, perception, reasoning, voluntary movement, instinct, the emotions, will, and hypnotism. <Discussion> <References> Tadeusz Zawidzki
Copyright: Dictionary source: Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind
English to English translation of james James AllardesFounder of the Glendronach Distilleryin 1826, in Aberdeenshire, Speyside, Highlands (Scotland). Sir James Buchanan(1849-1935).Creator of the "Black & White ", "Buchanan's" and other brands of Scotch Whiskys. Founder, in 1898, of the Dalwhinnie Distillery (Ex-Strathspey), in Dalwhinnie, Inverness-shire, Speyside, Highland (Scotland). James CattoFounder of the well-known company James Catto Ltd., in 1861. James Catto & Co LtdLocation: Lanarkshire, Scotland Company founded in 1861. Blenders and bottlers of Scotch Whisky. James ChivasFounder of the famous company Chivas Brothers Ltd., in 1801. James DuffFounder of the Auchnagie Distillery(demolished in 1911) in the 1820's, located in Tulliemet, Perthshire, Highland (Scotland). James FlemingBuilder, in 1879, of the current Aberlour Distillery (founded in 1826). James FergussonFounder of the Ardlussa Distillery (closed in 1924), in Campbeltown, Scotland in 1879. James Findlater Co-founder in 1824, with Donald Mackintosh and A. Gordon, of the Mortlach Distillery(a.k.a. Mortlach Glenlivet) located in Dufftown, Keith, Banffshire, Speyside, Highland (Scotland). James GrantNotary, co-founder, with his brother John, of the Glen Grant Distillery (1840), in Speyside , Highlands (Scotland). James Gordon SmithSon of George Smith, the founder of the Glenlivet Distillery in 1824. He obtained the exclusivity of the name "The Glenlivet" in 1880. James GordonCo- founder, with Peter Weir, of the Aberlour Distillery in 1826. James Greenlees Creator, with his brother Samuel, of the famous brand Old Parr in 1871. James Harper Who first leased the Clynelish Distillery (a.k.a. Brora Distillery) founded in 1819 by the 1st. Duke of Sutherland. James HendersonFounder of the Pulteney Distillery in Wick, Caithness, Highlands (Scotland), in 1826. James IslesFounder of the Glenesk Distillery in 1897 in Hillside, Montrose, Highland (Scotland). James JohnstoneFounder of the Dean Distillery in 1881 in Edinburgh (Scotland). James KennedyFounder of the Glentarras Distillery in 1839 in, Dumfriesshire, Lowland (Scotland). James LiddellFounder of the Auchtertool Distillery (closed in 1973), in 1845, in Kirkcaldy of Fife, Lowland (Scotland). James Logan MackieCreator of the well-known "Logan Blended Scotch Whisky", and "White Horse Blended Scotch Whisky" in 1883. CONTINUE: James (2) King James VI, Blended Scotch Whisky
By: A.A. Muirhead St James's 12 YO, De Luxe Blended Scotch Whisky
Dictionary source: Stephen King
English to English translation of james
(1.) The son of Zebedee and Salome; an elder brother of John the apostle. He was one of the twelve. He was by trade a fisherman, in partnership with Peter (Matt. 20:20; 27:56). With John and Peter he was present at the transfiguration (Matt. 17:1; Mark 9:2), at the raising of Jairus's daughter (Mark 5:37-43), and in the garden with our Lord (14:33). Because, probably, of their boldness and energy, he and John were called Boanerges, i.e., "sons of thunder." He was the first martyr among the apostles, having been beheaded by King Herod Agrippa (Acts 12:1, 2), A.D. 44. (Comp. Matt. 4:21; 20:20-23). (2.) The son of Alphaeus, or Cleopas, "the brother" or near kinsman or cousin of our Lord (Gal. 1:18, 19), called James "the Less," or "the Little," probably because he was of low stature. He is mentioned along with the other apostles (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15). He had a separate interview with our Lord after his resurrection (1 Cor. 15:7), and is mentioned as one of the apostles of the circumcision (Acts 1:13). He appears to have occupied the position of head of the Church at Jerusalem, where he presided at the council held to consider the case of the Gentiles (Acts 12:17; 15:13-29: 21:18-24). This James was the author of the epistle which bears his name. (1.) Author of, was James the Less, the Lord's brother, one of the twelve apostles. He was one of the three pillars of the Church (Gal. 2:9). (2.) It was addressed to the Jews of the dispersion, "the twelve tribes scattered abroad." (3.) The place and time of the writing of the epistle were Jerusalem, where James was residing, and, from internal evidence, the period between Paul's two imprisonments at Rome, probably about A.D. 62. (4.) The object of the writer was to enforce the practical duties of the Christian life. "The Jewish vices against which he warns them are, formalism, which made the service of God consist in washings and outward ceremonies, whereas he reminds them (1:27) that it consists rather in active love and purity; fanaticism, which, under the cloak of religious zeal, was tearing Jerusalem in pieces (1:20); fatalism, which threw its sins on God (1:13); meanness, which crouched before the rich (2:2); falsehood, which had made words and oaths play-things (3:2-12); partisanship (3:14); evil speaking (4:11); boasting (4:16); oppression (5:4). The great lesson which he teaches them as Christians is patience, patience in trial (1:2), patience in good works (1:22-25), patience under provocation (3:17), patience under oppression (5:7), patience under persecution (5:10); and the ground of their patience is that the coming of the Lord draweth nigh, which is to right all wrong (5:8)." "Justification by works," which James contends for, is justification before man, the justification of our profession of faith by a consistent life. Paul contends for the doctrine of "justification by faith;" but that is justification before God, a being regarded and accepted as just by virtue of the righteousness of Christ, which is received by faith.