code \code\ (kōd), n. [f., fr. l. codex, caudex, the stock or stem of a tree, a board or tablet of wood smeared over with wax, on which the ancients originally wrote; hence, a book, a writing.] 1. a body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by public authority; a digest. note: the collection of laws made by the order of justinian is sometimes called, by way of eminence. "the code" 2. any system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the regulation of the professional conduct of physicians; the naval code, a system of rules for making communications at sea means of signals. code civil or code napoleon, a code enacted in france in 1803 and 1804, embodying the law of rights of persons and of property generally. code n 1. a set of rules or principles or laws especially written ones [syn: codification]
2. a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy 3. (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions [syn: computer code] v 1: attach a code to; "code the pieces with numbers so that you can identify them later" 2: convert ordinary language into code; "we should encode the message for security reasons" [syn: encode, encipher, cipher, cypher, encrypt, inscribe, write in code] [ant: decode]
code civil operation code triplet code code grinder code division multiplexing code segment international morse code code napoleon country code legacy code zip code lines of code legal code object code group code recording bar code code management op code universal product code source code machine code computer code byte-code order code byte-code compiler draconian code u-code assembly code dead code p-code morse code f-code kangaroo code justinian code write in code threaded code trellis code modulation law or code template code pulse code modulation international code american standard code for information interchange baudot code spaghetti code write-only code postal code
1. Any system of communication in which arbitrary groups of symbols represent units of plain text of varying length. Codes may be used for brevity or for security. 2. A cryptosystem in which the cryptographic equivalents (usually called “code groups”), typically consisting of letters or digits (or both) in otherwise meaningless combinations, are substituted for plain text elements which are primarily words, phrases, or sentences. See also cryptosystem.
Crude Oil Data Exchange, an electronic business standard sanctioned by the American Petroleum Institute
Cultural Olympiad Digital Edition
CODE (programming language)
Confederation of Democracy (Confederación de la Democracia) (1972), a defunct political coalition in Chile
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In communications and information processing, code is a system of rules to convert information—such as a letter, word, sound, image, or gesture—into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret, for communication through a channel or storage in a medium. An early example is the invention of language, which enabled a person, through speech, to communicate what he or she saw, heard, felt, or thought to others. But speech limits the range of communication to the distance a voice can carry, and limits the audience to those present when the speech is uttered. The invention of writing, which converted spoken language into visual symbols, extended the range of communication across space and time.
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The Codé River flows through the city of Yogyakarta on the island of Java, Indonesia. Pollution is a problem along the river. Sayidan Bridge crosses the river.
Noun 1. a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones) (synonym) codification (hypernym) written communication, written language (hyponym) Bushido (derivation) codify 2. a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy (hypernym) coding system (hyponym) area code (derivation) encode, encipher, cipher, cypher, encrypt, inscribe, write in code 3. (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions (synonym) computer code (hypernym) coding system (hyponym) address, computer address (derivation) encode, encipher, cipher, cypher, encrypt, inscribe, write in code (classification) computer science, computing Verb 1. attach a code to; "Code the pieces with numbers so that you can identify them later" (hypernym) tag, label, mark 2. convert ordinary language into code; "We should encode the message for security reasons" (synonym) encode, encipher, cipher, cypher, encrypt, inscribe, write in code (hypernym) write (derivation) computer code
n. The stuff that software writers write, either in source form or after translation by a compiler or assembler. Often used in opposition to "data", which is the stuff that code operates on. This is a mass noun, as in "How much code does it take to do a bubble sort?", or "The code is loaded at the high end of RAM." Anyone referring to software as "the software codes" is probably a newbie or a suit.
Code - A system of regulations pertaining to the design, manufacture, installation and maintenance of elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators and moving walks. The most widely recognized and used is ANSI A-17.1 sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards, The American Institute of Architects, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and published by ASME. It has been adopted by many states. Some states and cities have written their own codes, most of which are based on the ANSI A
The genetic code is the correspondence between the triplet of bases in DNA with the amino acids. The discovery of the genetic code clearly ranks as one of the premiere events of what has been called the Golden Age of Biology (and Medicine).
Any system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the regulation of the professional conduct of physicians; the naval code, a system of rules for making communications at sea means of signals. (n.)
A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by public authority; a digest.
1. A set of unambiguous rules specifying the manner in which data may be represented in a discrete form. Note 1: Codes may be used for brevity or security. Note 2: Use of a code provides a means of converting information into a form suitable for communications, processing, or encryption. (188 ) 2. [Any] system of communication in which arbitrary groups of letters, numbers, or symbols represent units of plain text of varying length. Note: Codes may or may not provide security. Common uses include: (a) converting information into a form suitable for communications or encryption, (b) reducing the length of time required to transmit information, (c) describing the instructions which control the operation of a computer, and (d) converting plain text to meaningless combinations of letters or numbers and vice versa. [NIS] 3. A cryptosystem in which the cryptographic equivalents, (usually called "code groups") typically consisting of letters or digits (or both) in otherwise meaningless combinations, are substituted for plain text elements which are primarily words, phrases, or sentences. 4. A set of rules that maps the elements of one set, the coded set, onto the elements of another set, the code element set. Synonymcoding scheme. 5. A set of items, such as abbreviations, that represents corresponding members of another set. 6. To represent data or a computer program in a symbolic form that can be accepted by a processor. 7. To write a routine.
CODE, CODES - Legislation. Signifies in general a collection of laws. It is a name given to a collection of such laws made by a legislature. Among the most noted are the following:
UNITED STATES CODE - Contains the statutes of the U.S. government, the federal laws. It is usually abbreviated as 'U.S.C.' and is divided into more than 40 Titles, each dealing with a general subject area.
LES CING CODES - French Law. The five codes.
These codes are; 1st. Code Civil, which is divided into three books; book 1, treats of persons and of the enjoyment and privation of civil rights; book 2, of property and its different modifications; book 3, of the different ways of acquiring property.
- 2d. Code de procedure civille which is divided into two parts. Part 1, is divided into five books; 1. of justices of the. peace; 2. of inferior tribunals; 3. of royal courts; 4. of extraordinary means of proceeding; 5. of execution and judgment. Part 2 is divided into three books; 1. of tender and consignation; 2. of process in relation to the opening of a succession; 3. of arbitration.
- 3d. Code de Commerce, in four books; 1. of commerce in general; 2. of maritime comraerce; 3. of failures and bankruptcy; 4. of commercial jurisdiction.
- 4th. Code d'Instructions Criminelle, in two books; 1. of judiciary police, and its officers; 2. of the administration of justice.
-5th. Code Penal, in four books; 1. of punishment in criminal and correctional cases, and their effects; 2. of the persons punishable, excusable or responsible for their crimes or misdemeanors; 3. of crimes, misdemeanors, and their punishment; 4. of contraventions of police and their punishment.
Henrion de Pansey, late a president of the Court of Cassation, remarks in reference to these codes: 'In the midst of the innovations of these later times, a system of uniformity has suddenly engrossed all minds, and we have had imposed upon us the same weights, the same measures, the same laws, civil, criminal, rural and commercial. These new codes, like everything which comes from the hand of man, have imperfections and obscurities. The administration of them is committed to nearly thirty sovereign courts and a multitude of petty tribunals, composed of only three judges, and yet are invested with the right of determining in the last resort, under many circumstances. Each tribunal the natural interpreter of these laws applies them according to its own view, and the new codes were scarcely in operation before this beautiful system of uniformity became nothing more than a vain theory.'
CODE HENRI - A digest of the laws of Haiti enacted by Henri, King of Haiti. It is based upon the Code Napoleon, but not servilely copied. It is said to be judiciously adapted to the situation of Haiti. A collection of laws made by order of Henry III of France is also known by the name of Code Henri.
CODE OF LOUISIANA - In 1822, Peter Derbigny, Edward Livingston and Moreau Lislet were selected by the legislature to revise and amend the civil code, and to add to it such laws still in force as were not included therein. They were authorized to add a system of commercial law and a code of practice. The code they prepared having been adopted, was promulgated in 1824 under the title of the 'Civil Code of the State of Louisiana.'
The code is based on the Code Napoleon, with proper and judicious modifications suitable for the state of Louisiana. It is composed of three books: 1. The first treats of persons; 2. The second of things and of the different modifications of property, and; 3. The third of the different modes of acquiring the property of things. It contains 3522 articles, numbered from the beginning for the convenience of reference.
This code contains many inaccurate definitions. The legislature modified and changed many of the provisions relating to the positive legislation, but adopted the definitions and abstract doctrines of the code without material alterations. From this circumstance, as well as from the inherent difficulty of the subject, the positive provisions of the code are often at variance with the theoretical part which was intended to elucidate them.
This code went into operation on May 20th, 1825. It is in both the French and English languages; and in construing it it is a rule that when the expressions used in the French text of the code are more comprehensive than those used in English, or vice versa, the more enlarged sense will be taken, as thus full effect will be given to both clauses.
CODE NAPOLEON - The Code Civil of France, enacted into law during the reign of Napoleon bore his name until the restoration of the Bourbons when it was deprived of that name and is now cited just as 'Code Civil'.
CODE PAPIRIAN - The name of a collection of the Roman laws promulgated by Romulus, Numa and other kings who governed Rome till the time of Tarquin the Proud. It was so called in honor of Sextus Parrius, the compiler.
CODE PRUSSIAN - Allgemeines Landrecht. This code is also known by the name of Codex Fredericianus or Frederician code. It was compiled by order of Frederic H. by the minister of justice, Samuel Cocceji, who completed a part of it before his death in 1755. In 1780, the work was renewed under the superintendence of the minister Von Carmer, prosecuted with unceasing activity, and published in six parts from 1784 to 1788. The opinions of those who understood the subject were requested and prizes offered on the best commentaries on it. The whole was completed in 1791, under the title 'General Prussian Code.'
CODE THEODOSIAN - This code, which originated in the eastern empire, was adopted in the Western empire towards its decline. It is a collection of the legislation of the Christian emperors, from and including Constantine to Theodosius the Younger. It is composed of sixteen books, the edicts, acts, rescripts, and ordinances of the two empires, that of the east and that of the west.
This entry contains material from Bouvier's Legal Dictionary, a work published in the 1850's. CODE, JUSTINIAN - A collection of the constitutions of the emperors from Adrian to Justinian; the greater part of those from Adrian to Constantine are mere rescripts; those from Constantine to Justinian are edicts or laws, properly speaking.
The code is divided into twelve books, which are subdivided into titles in which the constitutions are collected under proper heads. They are placed in chronological order, but often disjointed. At the head of each constitution is placed the name of the emperor who is the author, and that of the person to whom it is addressed. The date is at the end. Several of these constitutions which were formerly in the code were lost, it is supposed by the neglect of copyists. Some of them have been restored by modern authors who translated them from Greek versions.
This entry contains material from Bouvier's Legal Dictionary, a work published in the 1850's.
Content of virus files -virus code, written in a certain programming language-. Can also refer to systems for representing or encrypting information. In its strictest sense, it can be defined as aset of rules or a combination of symbols that have a given value within an established system.
A set of rules, a mapping or a transformation establishing correspondences between the elements in its domain and the elements in its range or between the characters of two different alphabets. information maintaining codes establish one-to-one correspondences. Information loosing codes establish many-to-one and/or one-to-many correspondences. When a code relates a set of signs to a set of meanings by convention, a code can be seen to constitute symbols. When it maps a set of behaviors into a set of legal categories, a code can be seen to be one of law. When it accounts for the transformation of one kind or signal into another kind of signal it can be seen to describe an input-output device. When applied to linguistic expressions it is a translation. According to Webster's, "to codify" is "to reduce to a code," to systematize, to classify. Indeed, any many-to-one code defines an equivalence relation or classification of the elements in its domain. It is incorrect to call a set of signs (to which a code may apply) a code. (Krippendorff )