Inuit (pronounced or ; Inuktitut: , "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska. Inuit is a plural noun; the singular is Inuk. The oral Inuit languages are classified in the Eskimo-Aleut family, whereas Inuit Sign Language is a critically endangered language isolate spoken in Nunavut.
Noun 1. a member of a people inhabiting the Arctic (northern Canada or Greenland or Alaska or eastern Siberia); the Algonquians called them Eskimo (`eaters of raw flesh') but they call themselves the Inuit (`the people') (synonym) Eskimo, Esquimau (hypernym) Indian, North American Indian, American Indian, Red Indian
are Aboriginal peoples of Canada that have traditionally used and occupied, and currently use and occupy, the lands and waters of the area ranging from the Yukon and Northwest Territories to northern Quebec and Labrador. They are sometimes refereed to as ‘Eskimo’, which is considered a derogatory term by the Inuit themselves. Politically, the Inuit were never included in the Indian Act, but became a federal responsibility in 1939. In 1972, the Inuit Tapirisat of Canada (ITC) was established to preserve their culture.