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Related Terms:
alkalize
burn off
cupel
erode
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gnaw
hydrogenate
isomerize
nitrate
oxidate
polymerize
rust
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work

add oxygen to, unite with oxygen (e.g. burn); be united with oxygen; rust, corrode (also oxidise)


oxidize
\ox"i*dize\ (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. oxidized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. oxidizing.] (chem.) to combine with oxygen, or subject to the action of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent. specifically: (a) to combine with oxygen or with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous acid so as to form nitric acid. (b) to remove hydrogen from (anything), as by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as to form aldehyde. (c) to subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride.
note: in certain cases to oxidize is identical with to acidify; for, in nearly all cases, the more oxygen a substance contains the more nearly does it approximate to acid qualities; thus, by oxidation many elements, as sulphur, nitrogen, carbon, chromium, manganese, etc., pass into compounds which are acid anhydrides, and thus practically in the acid state.
oxidize
v : add oxygen to or combine with oxygen; as in a chemical process [syn: oxidise]
[ant: deoxidize]



Redox is a contraction of the name for chemical reduction-oxidation reaction. A reduction reaction always occurs with an oxidation reaction. Redox reactions include all chemical reactions in which atoms have their oxidation state changed; in general, redox reactions involve the transfer of electrons between chemical species. The chemical species from which the electron is stripped is said to have been oxidized, while the chemical species to which the electron is added is said to have been reduced. Oxygen is not necessarily included in such reactions as other chemical species can serve the same function.

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Verb
1. enter into a combination with oxygen or become converted into an oxide; "This metal oxidizes easily"
(synonym) oxidise, oxidate
(hypernym) change
(hyponym) rust
(verb-group) oxidise, oxidate
(derivation) oxidation, oxidization, oxidisation
2. add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
(synonym) oxidise, oxidate
(antonym) deoxidize, deoxidise, reduce
(hypernym) change, alter, modify
(hyponym) catabolize, catabolise
(verb-group) oxidise, oxidate
(derivation) oxidation, oxidization, oxidisation
(classification) chemistry, chemical science


To chemically transform a substance by combining it with oxygen. See chemical reaction.

To chemically transform a substance by combining it with oxygen.

(v. t.)
To subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride.
   (v. t.)
To remove hydrogen from (anything), as by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as to form aldehyde.
   (v. t.)
To combine with oxygen, or subject to the action of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent.
   (v. t.)
To combine with oxygen or with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous acid so as to form nitric acid.
  

Action where surface of metal is combined with oxygen in the air to produce rust, scale , etc.

Compare with reduction .Oxidation is the loss of one or more electrons by an atom, molecule, or ion. Oxidation is accompanied by an increase in oxidation number on the atoms, molecules, or ions that lose electrons.


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