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Republic of the Philippines, country located on a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean


Philippine peso (PHP)

1. a republic on the philippine islands; achieved independence from the united states in 1946 [syn: philippines, republic of the philippines ]

2. an archipelago in the southwestern pacific including some 7000 islands [syn: philippines, philippine islands]

  similar words(1) 

 republic of the philippines 


The Philippines (; ), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of 7,107 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City; both are part of Metro Manila.

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1. a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence from the United States in 1946
(synonym) Republic of the Philippines
(hypernym) country, state, land
(member-holonym) Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN
(part-holonym) Southeast Asia
(member-meronym) Filipino
(part-meronym) Manila, capital of the Philippines
(class) Manila Bay
2. an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some 7000 islands
(synonym) Philippine Islands
(hypernym) archipelago
(part-holonym) Pacific, Pacific Ocean
(member-meronym) Tagalog
(part-meronym) Cebu
(class) Bataan, Corregidor

Na hOileáin Fhilipíneacha

Country Code -63


PH (Internet),
PH (ISO 3166),
PHL (ISO 3166),
RP (FIPS 10-4)

Flag of Philippines
Flag of Philippines

The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected President and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during WWII, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. On 4 July 1946 the Philippines attained their independence. The 21-year rule of Ferdinand MARCOS ended in 1986, when a widespread popular rebellion forced him into exile and installed Corazon AQUINO as president. Her presidency was hampered by several coup attempts, which prevented a return to full political stability and economic development. Fidel RAMOS was elected president in 1992 and his administration was marked by greater stability and progress on economic reforms. In 1992, the US closed its last military bases on the islands. Joseph ESTRADA was elected president in 1998, but was succeeded by his vice-president, Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, in January 2001 after ESTRADA's stormy impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and widespread demonstrations led to his ouster. MACAPAGAL-ARROYO was elected to a six-year term in May 2004. The Philippine Government faces threats from armed communist insurgencies and from Muslim separatists in the south.

Map of Philippines

Map of Philippines

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