Zohar, Sepher haz-Zohar (Hebrew) [from zohar light, splendor] Book of the light; the principal work or compendium of the Qabbalists, forming with the Book of Creation (Sepher Yetsirah) the main canon of the Qabbalah. It is written largely in Chaldean interspersed with Hebrew, and is in the main a running commentary on the Pentateuch. Interwoven are a number of highly significant sections or books scattered apparently at random through the volumes: sometimes incorporated as parallel columns to the text, at other times as separate portions. These auxiliary books, so casually appended to the text as we now have it, are considered by Qabbalists to be the chief contribution of the Zohar. The following form the bulk of the Zoharic writings outside of the commentary itself, as found in present editions, though in one or two editions a few additional fragments of minor importance are included: to be continue "Zohar2"
zohar \zo"har\ (?), n. [heb. zōhar candor, splendor.] a jewish cabalistic book attributed by tradition to rabbi simon ben yochi, who lived about the end of the 1st century, a. d. modern critics believe it to be a compilation of the 13th century. brit. zohar brightness. 1. the father of ephron the hittite (gen. 23:8). 2. one of the sons of simeon (gen. 46:10; ex. 6:15). zohar white; bright; dryness
The Zohar (, lit. "Splendor" or "Radiance") is the foundational work in the literature of Jewish mystical thought known as Kabbalah. It is a group of books including commentary on the mystical aspects of the Torah (the five books of Moses) and scriptural interpretations as well as material on mysticism, mythical cosmogony, and mystical psychology. The Zohar contains discussions of the nature of God, the origin and structure of the universe, the nature of souls, redemption, the relationship of Ego to Darkness and "true self" to "The Light of God", and the relationship between the "universal energy" and man. Its scriptural exegesis can be considered an esoteric form of the Rabbinic literature known as Midrash, which elaborates on the Torah.