European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research.Founded in 1971 COST, is an intergovernmental framework for European Co-operation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research, allowing the co-ordination of nationally funded research on a European level. COST Actions cover basic and pre-competitive research as well as activities of public utility.
cost \cost\ (k?st; 115), n. [l. costa rib. see coast.] 1. a rib; a side; a region or coast. [obs.] betwixt the costs of a ship. jonson. 2. (her.) see cottise. cost \cost\ (k&obreve;st; 115), v. t. [imp. & p. p. cost; p. pr. & vb. n. costing.] [of. coster, couster, f. coûter, fr. l. constare to stand at, to cost; con- + stare to stand. see stand, and cf. constant.] 1. to require to be given, expended, or laid out therefor, as in barter, purchase, acquisition, etc.; to cause the cost, expenditure, relinquishment, or loss of; as, the ticket cost a dollar; the effort cost his life. a diamond gone, cost me two thousand ducats. though it cost me ten nights' watchings. 2. to require to be borne or suffered; to cause. to do him wanton rites, which cost them woe.
replacement cost to cost dear unit cost cost increase operating cost free cost reproduction cost low-cost to quit cost marginal cost incremental cost
Cost–benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit–cost analysis (BCA), is a systematic approach to estimating the strengths and weaknesses of alternatives that satisfy transactions, activities or functional requirements for a business. It is a technique that is used to determine options that provide the best approach for the adoption and practice in terms of benefits in labor, time and cost savings etc. The CBA is also defined as a systematic process for calculating and comparing benefits and costs of a project, decision or government policy (hereafter, "project").
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European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) is Europe's longest-running intergovernmental framework for cooperation in science and technology. Founded in 1971, COST holds a successful history of implementing science and technology networks for over 40 years, offering scientists the opportunity to embark upon bottom-up, multidisciplinary cooperation across all science and technology domains.
Noun 1. the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor (hypernym) outgo, expenditure, outlay (hyponym) expense, disbursal, disbursement (derivation) be 2. the property of having material worth (often indicated by the amount of money something would bring if sold); "the fluctuating monetary value of gold and silver"; "he puts a high price on his services"; "he couldn't calculate the cost of the collection" (synonym) monetary value, price (hypernym) value (hyponym) average cost (derivation) be 3. value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something; "the cost in human life was enormous"; "the price of success is hard work"; "what price glory?" (synonym) price, toll (hypernym) value (hyponym) death toll Verb 1. be priced at; "These shoes cost $100" (synonym) be (hypernym) be (hyponym) set back, knock back, put back (derivation) monetary value, price 2. require to lose, suffer, or sacrifice; "This mistake cost him his job" (hypernym) necessitate, ask, postulate, need, require, take, involve, call for, demand (derivation) price, toll
Copenhagen SGML Tool CoST, formerly known as"Copenhagen SGML Tool", now maintained and developed by Joe English is a tool for processing SGML data, based on TCL, the Tool Command Language. Since it is based on the ESIS output, generated for example by nsgmls, it works with XML data as well. Quote from the website:"Cost is a structure-controlled SGML application programming tool. It is implemented as a Tcl extension, and works in conjunction with James Clark's nsgmls and/or sgmls parsers. Cost provides a flexible set of low-level primitives upon which sophisticated applications can be built. These include * A powerful query language for navigating the document tree and extracting ESIS information; * An event-driven programming interface; * A specification mechanism which binds properties to nodes based on queries;" Access the specification ... ... Homepage
Costco Wholesale Corporation
Holding company with subsidiaries which own and operate chain of wholesale cash and carry membership warehouses offering very low prices on limited selection of nationally-branded and selected private label products in a wide range of merchandise categories in no-frills, self-service warehouse facilities. Cost Plus, Inc.
Operates specialty retail stores offering casual home living and entertainment products such as home decor, kitchen utensils, ceramics, glassware, textiles, gifts and decorative accessories, gourmet food, and beverages.
To require to be given, expended, or laid out therefor, as in barter, purchase, acquisition, etc.; to cause the cost, expenditure, relinquishment, or loss of; as, the ticket cost a dollar; the effort cost his life. (v. t.)
To require to be borne or suffered; to cause. (v. t.)
The amount paid, charged, or engaged to be paid, for anything bought or taken in barter; charge; expense; hence, whatever, as labor, self-denial, suffering, etc., is requisite to secure benefit. (v. t.)
Loss of any kind; detriment; pain; suffering. (v. t.)
Expenses incurred in litigation. (n.)
See Cottise. (n.)
A rib; a side; a region or coast. (imp. & p. p.)
The price that a shop charges for a vehicle or one of its components . To the shop, it is the price they pay for the component (i.e, the net price) to which they add an amount to arrive at the selling price.
A Cost of Living Index measures differences in the price of goods and services, and allows for substitutions to other items as prices change. A Consumer Price Index measures a price change for a constant market basket of goods and services from one period to the next within the same city (or in the Nation). The CPI is not a true cost of living index and should not be used for place to place comparisons.
In the widest sense, the measure of the value of what has to be given up in order to achieve a particular objective. In everyday language, people most often use the term rather like an accountant does, as synonymous with the total money outlays actually paid out to achieve the objective, but this is not precisely what economists mean by the term. Economists are concerned with rational decision-making , and the rational decision-maker needs to estimate in advance the full range of consequences of each of the various alternative uses of his time and resources open to him, not just the portion of the costs accounted for by money outlays. For the economist, the true cost of any decision is the value of the next best outcome (of all the other possible outcomes) that is given up because of that decision. Unless otherwise specified, when economists say "cost," they mean opportunity cost -- that is, the highest valued alternative that must be sacrificed to attain something or otherwise satisfy a want. For example, the opportunity cost of a spur-of-the-moment decision to go to the movies Tuesday afternoon instead of going in to work is not just the six dollars for the ticket plus the gasoline and wear and tear on the car to get there. It also includes (at least) the four hours' wages not earned, diminished prospects for being promoted at work, and possibly such additional consequences as future hostility from co-workers who had to take up the slack, unpleasant feelings of guilt or shame, and so on. In a more extreme vein, the opportunity cost of committing suicide is not simply the money outlay for the necessary equipment, but rather the value of the total range of future satisfactions one might otherwise be able to achieve. [See also: transaction costs ]