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hadron, elementary subatomic particle, any of the particles that make up atomic particles (Physics)


quark
n : hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons; there are supposed to be six flavors of quarks (and their antiquarks), which come in pairs; each has an electric charge of +2/3 or -1/3

  similar words(3) 

 truth quark 
 up quark 
 top quark 

A quark ( or ) is an elementary particle and a fundamental constituent of matter. Quarks combine to form composite particles called hadrons, the most stable of which are protons and neutrons, the components of atomic nuclei. Due to a phenomenon known as color confinement, quarks are never directly observed or found in isolation; they can be found only within hadrons, such as baryons (of which protons and neutrons are examples), and mesons. For this reason, much of what is known about quarks has been drawn from observations of the hadrons themselves.

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QuArK (aka Quake Army Knife), is a free and open source program for developing 3D assets for a large variety of video games, mostly first-person shooters using engines similar to or based on the Quake engine by id Software. QuArK runs on Microsoft Windows.

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Noun
1. hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons; there are supposed to be six flavors of quarks (and their antiquarks), which come in pairs; each has an electric charge of +2/3 or -1/3
(hypernym) elementary particle, fundamental particle, subatomic particle
(hyponym) bottom quark, beauty quark
(part-holonym) hadron
2. fresh unripened cheese of a smooth texture made from pasteurized milk, a starter, and rennet
(synonym) quark cheese
(hypernym) cheese


Fundamental particles which join together in triplets and doublets to form hadrons such as protons and pi mesons. The first theory was developed by Murray Gell-Mann and George Zeweig in 1964. There are six types of quark, known as up, down, strange, charm, truth and beauty. Up, charm and truth have a +2/3 charge. Down, strange and beauty have a -1/3 charge. In the present day universe, quarks must exist as triplets or doublets. Only in the early universe did they exist as free particles. Quarks have an additional quantum property, known as colour. It can be red, green or blue. Hadrons have to be white, i.e. a combination of a red, green, and blue quark or a colour and its antimatter counterpart. For example, a proton is composed of two up quarks and a down quark in order to arrive at the correct charge. Those quarks must then be red, green and blue. Mesons are composed of two quarks. Quarks are held together by the interquark force which provides the foundation for the strong nuclear force. No quark has been observed outside a hadron.


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