Xiào, “filial piety", or "being good to parents", a virtue in Chinese culture
Xiao (flute), a Chinese end-blown flute
Xiao (rank), a rank used for field officers in the Chinese military
Xiao County, in Anhui, China
Xiao Mountain, a range of mountains in Henan, China, or the surrounding Xiao region
Xiao River, a tributary of the Xiang River, in Hunan, China
Xiao (mythology), certain legendary creatures in Chinese mythology
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In Confucian philosophy, filial piety (, xiào) is a virtue of respect for one's father, elders, and ancestors. The Confucian classic Xiao Jing or Classic of Xiào, thought to be written around the Qin-Han period, has historically been the authoritative source on the Confucian tenet of xiào / "filial piety". The book, a conversation between Confucius and his student Zeng Shen (曾參, also known as Zengzi 曾子), is about how to set up a good society using the principle of xiào (filial piety). The term can also be applied to general obedience, and is used in religious titles in Christian Churches, like "filial priest" or "filial vicar" for a cleric whose church is subordinate to a larger parish. Filial piety is central to Confucian role ethics.