(n.) = discouragement ; dismay ; despondency ; dejection. Ex: Such an approach can lead to confusion and discouragement, and a great deal of energy can be expended on faulty assumptions. Ex: The author expresses dismay at the nearly total eradication of the arts from schools in America. Ex: After a 10 year period of existence a real feeling of despondency emerges in the reports of the National Library Service. Ex: There are also negative qualities such as hate and anger that result in violence and dejection. ---- * con desaliento = despondently ; dispiritedly ; hopelessly. (v.) = discourage ; dampen ; dispirit ; dishearten ; dampen + Posesivo + spirits. Ex: Several pages of entries under one keyword are discouraging to say the least. Ex: Ten years ago ambition abounded; now risk-taking is out of style and vanguardism has been dampened by a pervasive enthusiasm for the past. Ex: Adverse fortune may attend us, but it shall never dispirit us. Ex: It is easy to be disheartened by the negative flow of news, but the strength of our labor market should bolster the confidence of our outlook. Ex: Despite being physically challenged, the harsh realities of life have failed to dampen her spirits. ---- * desalentar (de) = deter (from). * desalentarse = dismay.