(adj.) = initial ; initialism. Ex: Names commonly vary in fullness, especially in terms of the extent of abbreviations and initials used. Ex: These recommendations specify the presentation of numbers, acronyms, and initialisms in headings and references. ---- * inicial del apellido = last initial. * inicial del primer nombre de pila = first initial. * inicial del segundo nombre de pila de una persona = middle initial. * inicial encuadrada = factotum. * inicial orlada = ornamental initial ; illustrated initial. * inicial xilográfica = woodcut initial. * jerga de las iniciales = initialese. * palabras iniciales = opening statement. * problemas iniciales = growing pains. * todas las iniciales del nombre propio = full initials. * última inicial = last initial. (adj.) = initial ; original ; up-front [up front] ; founding ; germinal. Ex: Further, no guidance can be expected on alternative terms that are related to the searcher's initial search term. Ex: Here entry is made under the original author of an edition that has been revised, enlarged, updated, condensed, and so on by another person. Ex: This article presents useful low cost options for on-line data base searching that allow even small libraries to offer searching without large up-front costs or ongoing investment. Ex: The founding missions have being found increasingly ill-suited for the demands of the marketplace. Ex: Unique as it is, this creation has its germinal origin in Morris's earlier works. ---- * alineación inicial = starting line-up. * comentario inicial = opening remark. * cotización inicial = starting price. * créditos iniciales = opening credits. * espacio en blanco inicial = beginning blank. * etapa inicial = early stage. * fase inicial = early stage ; input stage. * jugador inicial = starting player. * letra inicial decorada = swash capital ; decorated capital. * observación inicial = opening remark. * posición inicial = starting position ; lead position. * precio inicial = starting price. * problema inicial = startup problem. * problemas iniciales = teething troubles ; teething problems. * punto inicial = jumping-off point ; point of departure ; springboard ; jumping-off place ; launching pad. * salario inicial = starting salary ; entry level salary. * término inicial = lead-in term ; leading term. * termino inicial de un encabezamiento compuesto = lead term ; main heading. * títulos iniciales = opening credits. (v.) = initiate ; institute ; start ; inaugurate ; pioneer ; enter ; lead off ; detonate ; usher in ; set on + foot ; put in + train ; set in + train ; set in + motion ; begin ; kick off. Ex: The scheme was initiated under the auspices of UNISIST with the intention of providing a switching language. Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants. Ex: Over the past two to three years the numbers of full text data bases and data banks has started to escalate considerably. Ex: In the beginning staff delivered books to readers in their homes, while in 1972 a mobile library service was inaugurated enabling readers to choose their own materials. Ex: Icons, or pictorial representations of objects in systems, were pioneered by Xerox. Ex: Though the reference librarian cannot enter the reference process until he receives the question from the enquirer he is vitally concerned about all of its stages. Ex: Laurence Prusak will lead off the guest lectures on Monday, August 20th. Ex: There has been an explosion in terminology detonated by developments related to XML (eXtensible Markup Language). Ex: Optical technology has ushered in a new phase in the storage and retrieval of information. Ex: If such an experiment were set on foot in any part of England its success would be certain. Ex: Following that vote, the Government put in train an analysis of the reasons the document was voted down. Ex: The slightest disturbance may set in train a process of degradation-as from forest to grassland, or grassland to desert. Ex: If someone reports that a member of the staff is drunk while on the job, the supervisor must immediately set in motion the prescribed personnel procedures for verifying the charge, issuing a warning, observing and documenting future performance, and, if necessary, initiating a dismissal action. Ex: This section has begun to demonstrate some of the problems associated with the author approach. Ex: The article is entitled 'The bucks start here: ALA kicks off library funding campaign'. ---- * fuego + iniciar = fire + break out. * iniciar a = begin to ; start to. * iniciar el día = start + the day. * iniciar el vuelo = take to + the sky. * iniciar la jornada = start + the day. * iniciar las actividades = get + things going ; get + things rolling ; start + the ball rolling ; set + the ball rolling. * iniciar los trámites = initiate + an action. * iniciarse = cut + Posesivo + spurs. * iniciar una caminata = hit + the trail ; beat + the trail. * iniciar una conversación = initiate + a conversation. * iniciar una cruzada por = crusade for. * iniciar una excursión = hit + the trail ; beat + the trail. * iniciar una gira = hit + the road ; hit + the trail ; beat + the trail. * iniciar una investigación = launch + an investigation. * iniciar una negociación = open + a discussion. * iniciar una nueva vida = start + a (whole) new life ; make + a new life for + Reflexivo. * iniciar un proyecto = launch + an effort ; launch + a project. * que se inicie la contienda = let battle commence.