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part of the neuron that sends impulses away from the cell (Anatomy)


An axon (from Greek ἄξων áxōn, axis), is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body. Myelinated axons are known as nerve fibers. The function of the axon is to transmit information to different neurons, muscles and glands. In certain sensory neurons (pseudounipolar neurons), such as those for touch and warmth, the electrical impulse travels along an axon from the periphery to the cell body, and from the cell body to the spinal cord along another branch of the same axon. Axon dysfunction causes many inherited and acquired neurological disorders which can affect both the peripheral and central neurons.

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Noun
1. long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
(synonym) axone
(hypernym) nerve fiber, nerve fibre
(part-holonym) nerve cell, neuron
(part-meronym) nerve ending, nerve end


The extension or prolongation of a nerve cell (neuron) that conducts impulses to other nerve cells or muscles.  Axons are generally smaller than 1 micron (1 micron = 1/1,000,000 of a meter) in diameter, but can be as much as a half meter in length. Axonal Pertaining to the axon. Axonal damage Injury to the axon in the nervous sytem, generally as a consequence of trauma or disease. This damage may involve temporary, reversible effects or permanent severing of the axon. Axonal damage usually results in short-term changes in nervous system activity, or permanent inability of nerve fibers to send their signals from one part of the nervous system to another or from nerve fibers to muscles. The damage can thus result in a variety of symptoms relating to sensory or motor function.

a process of a neuron that conducts action potentials away from the cell body. The axon is the output portion of a neuron.

N M
axis of a sundial; axis/roller of a ballista; line on a sundial (L+S)

the long structure of a nerve cell that acts as a pathway for nerve impulses.

noun
nerve fibre which sends impulses from one neurone to another, linking with the dendrites of the other neurone
axon covering = myelin sheath which covers a nerve
postsynaptic axon or presynaptic axon = nerves on either side of a synapse


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